A Guide to Oral Surgery Procedures

A Guide to Oral Surgery Procedures

Oral surgery is a broad term for any operation performed on your teeth, gums, jaw or surrounding oral and facial structures. It includes a wide range of procedures, from simple tooth extractions to complex jaw reconstruction.

Oral surgery is often performed by a specialist known as an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. These surgeons have specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions of the mouth, jaws, and face.

Common oral surgery procedures

Some of the most common oral surgery procedures include:

  • Tooth extraction: Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. It is often necessary to remove a tooth due to decay, infection, or crowding.
  • Dental implants: Dental Invisalign las vegas implants are artificial tooth roots that are placed in the jawbone to replace missing teeth. They are a popular and durable option for tooth replacement.
  • Bone grafting: Bone grafting is a procedure to add bone to the jawbone. It may be necessary to bone graft before placing a dental implant or to repair bone damage from gum disease or trauma.
  • Apicoectomy: An apicoectomy is a procedure to remove the tip of a tooth root and the surrounding infected tissue. It is often performed on teeth that have undergone root canal treatment and are still infected.
  • Corrective jaw surgery: Corrective jaw surgery is performed to correct problems with the alignment of the jaws and teeth. This may include overbite, underbite, crossbite, or open bite.
  • Root amputation and dental hemisection: Root amputation and dental hemisection are procedures to remove part of a tooth root. This may be necessary to save a tooth that is badly decayed or infected.
  • Crown lengthening procedures: Crown lengthening procedures are performed to expose more of the tooth crown so that a crown or other restoration can be placed.

What to expect before and after oral surgery

Before oral surgery, you will have a consultation with your surgeon to discuss the procedure, the risks and benefits, and any special preparation instructions.

On the day of surgery, you will be given anesthesia to numb the area or put you to sleep. The specific type of anesthesia used will depend on the procedure and your individual needs.

Once you are anesthetized, the surgeon will perform the procedure. The length of surgery will vary depending on the complexity of the procedure.

After surgery, you may experience some pain, swelling, and bruising. Your surgeon will give you instructions on how to care for your mouth and teeth after surgery.

Recovery from oral surgery

The recovery time from oral surgery will vary depending on the procedure. For simple procedures, such as tooth extraction, you may be able to return to your normal activities within a few days. For more complex procedures, such as corrective jaw surgery, you may need several weeks to recover.

During your recovery, it is important to follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully. This will help to ensure that your wound heals properly and that you experience the best possible results.

Tips for a successful oral surgery recovery

Here are some tips for a successful oral surgery recovery:

  • Take all medications as prescribed by your surgeon.
  • Eat a soft diet and avoid chewing on the side of your mouth where the surgery was performed.
  • Apply ice to the area to reduce swelling.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Keep your mouth clean by brushing and flossing gently.
  • Follow up with your surgeon for regular checkups.

When to see a doctor

If you experience any of the following symptoms after oral surgery, contact your surgeon immediately:

  • Severe pain that does not improve with medication
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Fever
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • Drainage from the wound
  • Numbness or tingling in the lips, tongue, or face


Oral surgery is a safe and effective way to treat a wide range of dental and jaw problems. If you are considering oral surgery, talk to your dentist or oral surgeon to discuss the risks, benefits, and alternatives.

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